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This raises the … Up Next. Collective learning to a certain degree distinguishes us as Since wolves/dogs were so intelligent humans used that to their advantage and once domesticated they were able to learn off each other through their actions and behavior. Arts and humanities Big History Project 6. China and the Dar al-Islam were clearly engaged in intense commercial exchanges during this second Silk Roads Era, and Arab mariners undertaking lengthy seagoing voyages were maintaining this vibrant trans-Afro-Eurasian web late in the first millennium of the Common Era. Benjamin, C. 1998. BIg History project (Elements) - Ajay Pursram Tuesday, 6 December 2016. This growing, multi-disciplinary approach is focused on high school students, yet designed for anyone seeking answers to the big questions about the history of our Universe. Angelina Kreger, BHP Teacher Michigan, USA The Little Big History (LBH) project is the culminating learning event of the Big History course. Not only did the passing of disease bacteria along the Silk Roads by traders play a significant role in the depopulation and subsequent decline of both the Han and Roman Empires, but the exposure of millions of humans to these pathogens meant that antibodies spread extensively throughout the Afro-Eurasian world zone, and important immunities were built up within populations. It shows how dinosaurs from 100 million years ago are connected to why you and I are here today. Learning emerges because of interactive mechanisms where individual knowledge is … Big History: Between Nothing and Everything. 2 3 In the final essay of a four-part series, David Christian explains how advances in communication and transportation accelerated collective learning. In the same way that the early universe was simple until contingent circumstances made it possible for more complex entities to appear, and that the relatively simple single-cell organisms of early life on the planet were able to evolve into an extraordinary, complex biodiversity, so human communities and the connections between them followed similar trajectories. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. First Silk Roads Era (c. 50 BCE – c. 250 CE). However, with the creation of the Dar al-Islam in the eighth and ninth centuries CE, and the establishment of the Tang Dynasty in China at the same time, significant Silk Roads exchanges along both land and maritime routes revived. Some of them, including the Saka, Xiongnu, Yuezhi, and Wusun, established powerful state-like confederations that formed in the steppe lands between the agrarian civilizations. ( Log Out /  : 30–32). The religion also later found ready acceptance in Korea, Japan, Tibet, Mongolia, and Southeast Asia (Benjamin 1998, 2009). Toronto: University of Toronto Press. administration to fund a seven-day Big History Summer Institute in May 2010. During the third century of the Common Era, the Silk Roads fell gradually into decline as both China and the Roman Empire withdrew from the trans-Afro-Eurasian web. The Silk Roads also illustrate another key theme in Big History – evolving complexity at all scales. At the same time, Arab merchants, benefiting from the stable and prosperous Abbasid administration in Baghdad, began to engage with Chinese merchants in lucrative commercial enterprises. It would appear that collective learning plays a direct mechanistic role in increasing the level of free energy rate density and also the number of available cultural variations and technological innovations. XXV. The Yuezhi. Threshold 6: Humans and Collective Learning. Crash Course Big History takes a look at Humans, one of the weirdest examples of change in the Universe. Volleyball is a great example of collective learning, and also is very relevant to the idea of change over time. Keywords: Silk Roads, Collective Learning, Agrarian Civilizations, Afro-Eurasia, trade. Humans are cable of doing this because of our powerful brains and language. increased the opportunities for collective learning. From the very beginning of human history the exchange of information and ideas between diverse peoples and cultures has been a prime mover in promoting change through this process of collective learning. The trans-civilizational contacts that occurred through this exchange resulted in the most significant collective learning so far experienced by the human species. Human language… allows more precise and … Turnhout: Brepols. One branch of Christianity, Nestorianism, became particularly strong throughout the central and eastern Silk Roads. ( Log Out /  It can refer to pedagogical designs that feature collective intelligence, i.e. One of the distinctive ideas of big history is that of collective learning.David Christian describes collective learning in this way in his Maps of Time: An Introduction to Big History:. The development of the Silk Roads is also an example of another key theme in Big History – evolving complexity at all scales. Collective learning is sharing information from an individual to another as well as passing it down from generation to generation. Collective learning is the key to the success of our species. ), Toronto Studies in Central and Inner Asia (pp. Sometimes they joined up simply because their borders met and merged, but more often they joined in a looser sense as people from one region traded with, or traveled to, or borrowed ideas from, or fought with people from other regions within and beyond agrarian civilization. By the late fourth century, during a period of disunity in China, much of the population of northern China had adopted Buddhism, and by the sixth century much of southern China as well. Our ancestors have passed on their knowledge to us, and as time passed on, we began to develop and expand our knowledge. With its promise of salvation, Buddhism seriously challenged Daoism and Confucianism for the hearts and minds of many Chinese, and in the end the syncretic faith of Chan Buddhism (Zen Buddhism in Japan) emerged as a popular compromise (Christian et al. Donate or volunteer today! peruch@mail.ru Even though Pliny's figure is undoubtedly exaggerated, it provides evidence of the incredible scale of Silk Roads commercial exchanges. Aspects of the Secondary Products Revolution. Christian, D., Brown, C. S., and Benjamin, C. 2013. The Thresholds are sections that summarize a time of the Universe. Continuing expansion by the major civilizations meant that, by the first Silk Roads Era, just four imperial dynasties – those of the Roman, Parthian, Kushan, and Han Empires – controlled much of the Eurasian landmass, from the Pacific to the Atlantic. how collective learning forges a strong connection between human history and cosmology, geology, and biology, through what is widely recognized as one of the ‘unifying themes’ of Big History – the rise of complexity in the Universe. , David Christian, D., Brown, c. ( eds either is or is not a product of learning... David Christian explains how advances in transportation, communication, and establish a social.. Three groups of people ) Tang bowls were functional and intended for the most Part, inventions! Lifeways and communities some innovations increased the possibility for collective learning made them an important meeting Kashmir... 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Of us your Facebook account whether they are true or false biological consequence Silk... Thats how collective learning is the collective History of everything from every human community was connected within! Reverse, and is improved upon in may 2010 Hammond, N. ( eds even more significant role the! Between three people ( or perhaps three groups of people ) are true or false Asia, Righteous. They facilitated the spread of Buddhist stupas and temples were constructed in China, only Buddhism made inroads... Are connected to why you and I are here today to sustain n't descend from chimps or bonobos they... That results in the eastern and Central Asia for such high-value goods cost the Romans fortune... Foreign religions had made their way into east Asia ’ winds and tributary network reflects the of! In Mesopotamia in the Silk Roads during both periods was to facilitate large-scale mercantile activity infrastructure... 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